The Berlin Wall Foundation was established as a foundation under public law by legislation passed on September 17, 2008. The foundation includes the Berlin Wall Memorial on Bernauer Strasse, the Marienfelde Refugee Centre, the Günter Litfin Memorial in the watchtower of the former GDR border troops command station at Kieler Eck and the East Side Gallery, the longest preserved piece of the Berlin Wall, standing between Berlin Ostbahnhof and Oberbaumbrücke.

The purpose of the foundation is to document and provide information about the history of the Berlin Wall and the mass migration from the German Democratic Republic as a part and contributory factor of the German division and the East–West conflict. It also aims to preserve historical sites and authentic remains and to provide for a dignified commemoration of the victims of Communist tyranny.

The founding of the Berlin Wall Foundation and the expansion of the memorial are important steps to realizing the memorial concept of the Berlin Senate and the federal government.